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/vendor/symfony/http-kernel/HttpCache/ -> HttpCache.php (source)

   1  <?php
   2  
   3  /*
   4   * This file is part of the Symfony package.
   5   *
   6   * (c) Fabien Potencier <fabien@symfony.com>
   7   *
   8   * This code is partially based on the Rack-Cache library by Ryan Tomayko,
   9   * which is released under the MIT license.
  10   * (based on commit 02d2b48d75bcb63cf1c0c7149c077ad256542801)
  11   *
  12   * For the full copyright and license information, please view the LICENSE
  13   * file that was distributed with this source code.
  14   */
  15  
  16  namespace Symfony\Component\HttpKernel\HttpCache;
  17  
  18  use Symfony\Component\HttpFoundation\Request;
  19  use Symfony\Component\HttpFoundation\Response;
  20  use Symfony\Component\HttpKernel\HttpKernelInterface;
  21  use Symfony\Component\HttpKernel\TerminableInterface;
  22  
  23  /**
  24   * Cache provides HTTP caching.
  25   *
  26   * @author Fabien Potencier <fabien@symfony.com>
  27   */
  28  class HttpCache implements HttpKernelInterface, TerminableInterface
  29  {
  30      private $kernel;
  31      private $store;
  32      private $request;
  33      private $surrogate;
  34      private $surrogateCacheStrategy;
  35      private $options = [];
  36      private $traces = [];
  37  
  38      /**
  39       * Constructor.
  40       *
  41       * The available options are:
  42       *
  43       *   * debug:                 If true, the traces are added as a HTTP header to ease debugging
  44       *
  45       *   * default_ttl            The number of seconds that a cache entry should be considered
  46       *                            fresh when no explicit freshness information is provided in
  47       *                            a response. Explicit Cache-Control or Expires headers
  48       *                            override this value. (default: 0)
  49       *
  50       *   * private_headers        Set of request headers that trigger "private" cache-control behavior
  51       *                            on responses that don't explicitly state whether the response is
  52       *                            public or private via a Cache-Control directive. (default: Authorization and Cookie)
  53       *
  54       *   * allow_reload           Specifies whether the client can force a cache reload by including a
  55       *                            Cache-Control "no-cache" directive in the request. Set it to ``true``
  56       *                            for compliance with RFC 2616. (default: false)
  57       *
  58       *   * allow_revalidate       Specifies whether the client can force a cache revalidate by including
  59       *                            a Cache-Control "max-age=0" directive in the request. Set it to ``true``
  60       *                            for compliance with RFC 2616. (default: false)
  61       *
  62       *   * stale_while_revalidate Specifies the default number of seconds (the granularity is the second as the
  63       *                            Response TTL precision is a second) during which the cache can immediately return
  64       *                            a stale response while it revalidates it in the background (default: 2).
  65       *                            This setting is overridden by the stale-while-revalidate HTTP Cache-Control
  66       *                            extension (see RFC 5861).
  67       *
  68       *   * stale_if_error         Specifies the default number of seconds (the granularity is the second) during which
  69       *                            the cache can serve a stale response when an error is encountered (default: 60).
  70       *                            This setting is overridden by the stale-if-error HTTP Cache-Control extension
  71       *                            (see RFC 5861).
  72       */
  73      public function __construct(HttpKernelInterface $kernel, StoreInterface $store, SurrogateInterface $surrogate = null, array $options = [])
  74      {
  75          $this->store = $store;
  76          $this->kernel = $kernel;
  77          $this->surrogate = $surrogate;
  78  
  79          // needed in case there is a fatal error because the backend is too slow to respond
  80          register_shutdown_function([$this->store, 'cleanup']);
  81  
  82          $this->options = array_merge([
  83              'debug' => false,
  84              'default_ttl' => 0,
  85              'private_headers' => ['Authorization', 'Cookie'],
  86              'allow_reload' => false,
  87              'allow_revalidate' => false,
  88              'stale_while_revalidate' => 2,
  89              'stale_if_error' => 60,
  90          ], $options);
  91      }
  92  
  93      /**
  94       * Gets the current store.
  95       *
  96       * @return StoreInterface A StoreInterface instance
  97       */
  98      public function getStore()
  99      {
 100          return $this->store;
 101      }
 102  
 103      /**
 104       * Returns an array of events that took place during processing of the last request.
 105       *
 106       * @return array An array of events
 107       */
 108      public function getTraces()
 109      {
 110          return $this->traces;
 111      }
 112  
 113      /**
 114       * Returns a log message for the events of the last request processing.
 115       *
 116       * @return string A log message
 117       */
 118      public function getLog()
 119      {
 120          $log = [];
 121          foreach ($this->traces as $request => $traces) {
 122              $log[] = sprintf('%s: %s', $request, implode(', ', $traces));
 123          }
 124  
 125          return implode('; ', $log);
 126      }
 127  
 128      /**
 129       * Gets the Request instance associated with the master request.
 130       *
 131       * @return Request A Request instance
 132       */
 133      public function getRequest()
 134      {
 135          return $this->request;
 136      }
 137  
 138      /**
 139       * Gets the Kernel instance.
 140       *
 141       * @return HttpKernelInterface An HttpKernelInterface instance
 142       */
 143      public function getKernel()
 144      {
 145          return $this->kernel;
 146      }
 147  
 148      /**
 149       * Gets the Surrogate instance.
 150       *
 151       * @return SurrogateInterface A Surrogate instance
 152       *
 153       * @throws \LogicException
 154       */
 155      public function getSurrogate()
 156      {
 157          return $this->surrogate;
 158      }
 159  
 160      /**
 161       * {@inheritdoc}
 162       */
 163      public function handle(Request $request, $type = HttpKernelInterface::MASTER_REQUEST, $catch = true)
 164      {
 165          // FIXME: catch exceptions and implement a 500 error page here? -> in Varnish, there is a built-in error page mechanism
 166          if (HttpKernelInterface::MASTER_REQUEST === $type) {
 167              $this->traces = [];
 168              // Keep a clone of the original request for surrogates so they can access it.
 169              // We must clone here to get a separate instance because the application will modify the request during
 170              // the application flow (we know it always does because we do ourselves by setting REMOTE_ADDR to 127.0.0.1
 171              // and adding the X-Forwarded-For header, see HttpCache::forward()).
 172              $this->request = clone $request;
 173              if (null !== $this->surrogate) {
 174                  $this->surrogateCacheStrategy = $this->surrogate->createCacheStrategy();
 175              }
 176          }
 177  
 178          $this->traces[$this->getTraceKey($request)] = [];
 179  
 180          if (!$request->isMethodSafe(false)) {
 181              $response = $this->invalidate($request, $catch);
 182          } elseif ($request->headers->has('expect') || !$request->isMethodCacheable()) {
 183              $response = $this->pass($request, $catch);
 184          } elseif ($this->options['allow_reload'] && $request->isNoCache()) {
 185              /*
 186                  If allow_reload is configured and the client requests "Cache-Control: no-cache",
 187                  reload the cache by fetching a fresh response and caching it (if possible).
 188              */
 189              $this->record($request, 'reload');
 190              $response = $this->fetch($request, $catch);
 191          } else {
 192              $response = $this->lookup($request, $catch);
 193          }
 194  
 195          $this->restoreResponseBody($request, $response);
 196  
 197          if (HttpKernelInterface::MASTER_REQUEST === $type && $this->options['debug']) {
 198              $response->headers->set('X-Symfony-Cache', $this->getLog());
 199          }
 200  
 201          if (null !== $this->surrogate) {
 202              if (HttpKernelInterface::MASTER_REQUEST === $type) {
 203                  $this->surrogateCacheStrategy->update($response);
 204              } else {
 205                  $this->surrogateCacheStrategy->add($response);
 206              }
 207          }
 208  
 209          $response->prepare($request);
 210  
 211          $response->isNotModified($request);
 212  
 213          return $response;
 214      }
 215  
 216      /**
 217       * {@inheritdoc}
 218       */
 219      public function terminate(Request $request, Response $response)
 220      {
 221          if ($this->getKernel() instanceof TerminableInterface) {
 222              $this->getKernel()->terminate($request, $response);
 223          }
 224      }
 225  
 226      /**
 227       * Forwards the Request to the backend without storing the Response in the cache.
 228       *
 229       * @param Request $request A Request instance
 230       * @param bool    $catch   Whether to process exceptions
 231       *
 232       * @return Response A Response instance
 233       */
 234      protected function pass(Request $request, $catch = false)
 235      {
 236          $this->record($request, 'pass');
 237  
 238          return $this->forward($request, $catch);
 239      }
 240  
 241      /**
 242       * Invalidates non-safe methods (like POST, PUT, and DELETE).
 243       *
 244       * @param Request $request A Request instance
 245       * @param bool    $catch   Whether to process exceptions
 246       *
 247       * @return Response A Response instance
 248       *
 249       * @throws \Exception
 250       *
 251       * @see RFC2616 13.10
 252       */
 253      protected function invalidate(Request $request, $catch = false)
 254      {
 255          $response = $this->pass($request, $catch);
 256  
 257          // invalidate only when the response is successful
 258          if ($response->isSuccessful() || $response->isRedirect()) {
 259              try {
 260                  $this->store->invalidate($request);
 261  
 262                  // As per the RFC, invalidate Location and Content-Location URLs if present
 263                  foreach (['Location', 'Content-Location'] as $header) {
 264                      if ($uri = $response->headers->get($header)) {
 265                          $subRequest = Request::create($uri, 'get', [], [], [], $request->server->all());
 266  
 267                          $this->store->invalidate($subRequest);
 268                      }
 269                  }
 270  
 271                  $this->record($request, 'invalidate');
 272              } catch (\Exception $e) {
 273                  $this->record($request, 'invalidate-failed');
 274  
 275                  if ($this->options['debug']) {
 276                      throw $e;
 277                  }
 278              }
 279          }
 280  
 281          return $response;
 282      }
 283  
 284      /**
 285       * Lookups a Response from the cache for the given Request.
 286       *
 287       * When a matching cache entry is found and is fresh, it uses it as the
 288       * response without forwarding any request to the backend. When a matching
 289       * cache entry is found but is stale, it attempts to "validate" the entry with
 290       * the backend using conditional GET. When no matching cache entry is found,
 291       * it triggers "miss" processing.
 292       *
 293       * @param Request $request A Request instance
 294       * @param bool    $catch   Whether to process exceptions
 295       *
 296       * @return Response A Response instance
 297       *
 298       * @throws \Exception
 299       */
 300      protected function lookup(Request $request, $catch = false)
 301      {
 302          try {
 303              $entry = $this->store->lookup($request);
 304          } catch (\Exception $e) {
 305              $this->record($request, 'lookup-failed');
 306  
 307              if ($this->options['debug']) {
 308                  throw $e;
 309              }
 310  
 311              return $this->pass($request, $catch);
 312          }
 313  
 314          if (null === $entry) {
 315              $this->record($request, 'miss');
 316  
 317              return $this->fetch($request, $catch);
 318          }
 319  
 320          if (!$this->isFreshEnough($request, $entry)) {
 321              $this->record($request, 'stale');
 322  
 323              return $this->validate($request, $entry, $catch);
 324          }
 325  
 326          if ($entry->headers->hasCacheControlDirective('no-cache')) {
 327              return $this->validate($request, $entry, $catch);
 328          }
 329  
 330          $this->record($request, 'fresh');
 331  
 332          $entry->headers->set('Age', $entry->getAge());
 333  
 334          return $entry;
 335      }
 336  
 337      /**
 338       * Validates that a cache entry is fresh.
 339       *
 340       * The original request is used as a template for a conditional
 341       * GET request with the backend.
 342       *
 343       * @param Request  $request A Request instance
 344       * @param Response $entry   A Response instance to validate
 345       * @param bool     $catch   Whether to process exceptions
 346       *
 347       * @return Response A Response instance
 348       */
 349      protected function validate(Request $request, Response $entry, $catch = false)
 350      {
 351          $subRequest = clone $request;
 352  
 353          // send no head requests because we want content
 354          if ('HEAD' === $request->getMethod()) {
 355              $subRequest->setMethod('GET');
 356          }
 357  
 358          // add our cached last-modified validator
 359          if ($entry->headers->has('Last-Modified')) {
 360              $subRequest->headers->set('if_modified_since', $entry->headers->get('Last-Modified'));
 361          }
 362  
 363          // Add our cached etag validator to the environment.
 364          // We keep the etags from the client to handle the case when the client
 365          // has a different private valid entry which is not cached here.
 366          $cachedEtags = $entry->getEtag() ? [$entry->getEtag()] : [];
 367          $requestEtags = $request->getETags();
 368          if ($etags = array_unique(array_merge($cachedEtags, $requestEtags))) {
 369              $subRequest->headers->set('if_none_match', implode(', ', $etags));
 370          }
 371  
 372          $response = $this->forward($subRequest, $catch, $entry);
 373  
 374          if (304 == $response->getStatusCode()) {
 375              $this->record($request, 'valid');
 376  
 377              // return the response and not the cache entry if the response is valid but not cached
 378              $etag = $response->getEtag();
 379              if ($etag && \in_array($etag, $requestEtags) && !\in_array($etag, $cachedEtags)) {
 380                  return $response;
 381              }
 382  
 383              $entry = clone $entry;
 384              $entry->headers->remove('Date');
 385  
 386              foreach (['Date', 'Expires', 'Cache-Control', 'ETag', 'Last-Modified'] as $name) {
 387                  if ($response->headers->has($name)) {
 388                      $entry->headers->set($name, $response->headers->get($name));
 389                  }
 390              }
 391  
 392              $response = $entry;
 393          } else {
 394              $this->record($request, 'invalid');
 395          }
 396  
 397          if ($response->isCacheable()) {
 398              $this->store($request, $response);
 399          }
 400  
 401          return $response;
 402      }
 403  
 404      /**
 405       * Unconditionally fetches a fresh response from the backend and
 406       * stores it in the cache if is cacheable.
 407       *
 408       * @param Request $request A Request instance
 409       * @param bool    $catch   Whether to process exceptions
 410       *
 411       * @return Response A Response instance
 412       */
 413      protected function fetch(Request $request, $catch = false)
 414      {
 415          $subRequest = clone $request;
 416  
 417          // send no head requests because we want content
 418          if ('HEAD' === $request->getMethod()) {
 419              $subRequest->setMethod('GET');
 420          }
 421  
 422          // avoid that the backend sends no content
 423          $subRequest->headers->remove('if_modified_since');
 424          $subRequest->headers->remove('if_none_match');
 425  
 426          $response = $this->forward($subRequest, $catch);
 427  
 428          if ($response->isCacheable()) {
 429              $this->store($request, $response);
 430          }
 431  
 432          return $response;
 433      }
 434  
 435      /**
 436       * Forwards the Request to the backend and returns the Response.
 437       *
 438       * All backend requests (cache passes, fetches, cache validations)
 439       * run through this method.
 440       *
 441       * @param bool          $catch Whether to catch exceptions or not
 442       * @param Response|null $entry A Response instance (the stale entry if present, null otherwise)
 443       *
 444       * @return Response A Response instance
 445       */
 446      protected function forward(Request $request, $catch = false, Response $entry = null)
 447      {
 448          if ($this->surrogate) {
 449              $this->surrogate->addSurrogateCapability($request);
 450          }
 451  
 452          // always a "master" request (as the real master request can be in cache)
 453          $response = SubRequestHandler::handle($this->kernel, $request, HttpKernelInterface::MASTER_REQUEST, $catch);
 454  
 455          /*
 456           * Support stale-if-error given on Responses or as a config option.
 457           * RFC 7234 summarizes in Section 4.2.4 (but also mentions with the individual
 458           * Cache-Control directives) that
 459           *
 460           *      A cache MUST NOT generate a stale response if it is prohibited by an
 461           *      explicit in-protocol directive (e.g., by a "no-store" or "no-cache"
 462           *      cache directive, a "must-revalidate" cache-response-directive, or an
 463           *      applicable "s-maxage" or "proxy-revalidate" cache-response-directive;
 464           *      see Section 5.2.2).
 465           *
 466           * https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc7234#section-4.2.4
 467           *
 468           * We deviate from this in one detail, namely that we *do* serve entries in the
 469           * stale-if-error case even if they have a `s-maxage` Cache-Control directive.
 470           */
 471          if (null !== $entry
 472              && \in_array($response->getStatusCode(), [500, 502, 503, 504])
 473              && !$entry->headers->hasCacheControlDirective('no-cache')
 474              && !$entry->mustRevalidate()
 475          ) {
 476              if (null === $age = $entry->headers->getCacheControlDirective('stale-if-error')) {
 477                  $age = $this->options['stale_if_error'];
 478              }
 479  
 480              /*
 481               * stale-if-error gives the (extra) time that the Response may be used *after* it has become stale.
 482               * So we compare the time the $entry has been sitting in the cache already with the
 483               * time it was fresh plus the allowed grace period.
 484               */
 485              if ($entry->getAge() <= $entry->getMaxAge() + $age) {
 486                  $this->record($request, 'stale-if-error');
 487  
 488                  return $entry;
 489              }
 490          }
 491  
 492          /*
 493              RFC 7231 Sect. 7.1.1.2 says that a server that does not have a reasonably accurate
 494              clock MUST NOT send a "Date" header, although it MUST send one in most other cases
 495              except for 1xx or 5xx responses where it MAY do so.
 496  
 497              Anyway, a client that received a message without a "Date" header MUST add it.
 498          */
 499          if (!$response->headers->has('Date')) {
 500              $response->setDate(\DateTime::createFromFormat('U', time()));
 501          }
 502  
 503          $this->processResponseBody($request, $response);
 504  
 505          if ($this->isPrivateRequest($request) && !$response->headers->hasCacheControlDirective('public')) {
 506              $response->setPrivate();
 507          } elseif ($this->options['default_ttl'] > 0 && null === $response->getTtl() && !$response->headers->getCacheControlDirective('must-revalidate')) {
 508              $response->setTtl($this->options['default_ttl']);
 509          }
 510  
 511          return $response;
 512      }
 513  
 514      /**
 515       * Checks whether the cache entry is "fresh enough" to satisfy the Request.
 516       *
 517       * @return bool true if the cache entry if fresh enough, false otherwise
 518       */
 519      protected function isFreshEnough(Request $request, Response $entry)
 520      {
 521          if (!$entry->isFresh()) {
 522              return $this->lock($request, $entry);
 523          }
 524  
 525          if ($this->options['allow_revalidate'] && null !== $maxAge = $request->headers->getCacheControlDirective('max-age')) {
 526              return $maxAge > 0 && $maxAge >= $entry->getAge();
 527          }
 528  
 529          return true;
 530      }
 531  
 532      /**
 533       * Locks a Request during the call to the backend.
 534       *
 535       * @return bool true if the cache entry can be returned even if it is staled, false otherwise
 536       */
 537      protected function lock(Request $request, Response $entry)
 538      {
 539          // try to acquire a lock to call the backend
 540          $lock = $this->store->lock($request);
 541  
 542          if (true === $lock) {
 543              // we have the lock, call the backend
 544              return false;
 545          }
 546  
 547          // there is already another process calling the backend
 548  
 549          // May we serve a stale response?
 550          if ($this->mayServeStaleWhileRevalidate($entry)) {
 551              $this->record($request, 'stale-while-revalidate');
 552  
 553              return true;
 554          }
 555  
 556          // wait for the lock to be released
 557          if ($this->waitForLock($request)) {
 558              // replace the current entry with the fresh one
 559              $new = $this->lookup($request);
 560              $entry->headers = $new->headers;
 561              $entry->setContent($new->getContent());
 562              $entry->setStatusCode($new->getStatusCode());
 563              $entry->setProtocolVersion($new->getProtocolVersion());
 564              foreach ($new->headers->getCookies() as $cookie) {
 565                  $entry->headers->setCookie($cookie);
 566              }
 567          } else {
 568              // backend is slow as hell, send a 503 response (to avoid the dog pile effect)
 569              $entry->setStatusCode(503);
 570              $entry->setContent('503 Service Unavailable');
 571              $entry->headers->set('Retry-After', 10);
 572          }
 573  
 574          return true;
 575      }
 576  
 577      /**
 578       * Writes the Response to the cache.
 579       *
 580       * @throws \Exception
 581       */
 582      protected function store(Request $request, Response $response)
 583      {
 584          try {
 585              $this->store->write($request, $response);
 586  
 587              $this->record($request, 'store');
 588  
 589              $response->headers->set('Age', $response->getAge());
 590          } catch (\Exception $e) {
 591              $this->record($request, 'store-failed');
 592  
 593              if ($this->options['debug']) {
 594                  throw $e;
 595              }
 596          }
 597  
 598          // now that the response is cached, release the lock
 599          $this->store->unlock($request);
 600      }
 601  
 602      /**
 603       * Restores the Response body.
 604       */
 605      private function restoreResponseBody(Request $request, Response $response)
 606      {
 607          if ($response->headers->has('X-Body-Eval')) {
 608              ob_start();
 609  
 610              if ($response->headers->has('X-Body-File')) {
 611                  include $response->headers->get('X-Body-File');
 612              } else {
 613                  eval('; ?>'.$response->getContent().'<?php ;');
 614              }
 615  
 616              $response->setContent(ob_get_clean());
 617              $response->headers->remove('X-Body-Eval');
 618              if (!$response->headers->has('Transfer-Encoding')) {
 619                  $response->headers->set('Content-Length', \strlen($response->getContent()));
 620              }
 621          } elseif ($response->headers->has('X-Body-File')) {
 622              // Response does not include possibly dynamic content (ESI, SSI), so we need
 623              // not handle the content for HEAD requests
 624              if (!$request->isMethod('HEAD')) {
 625                  $response->setContent(file_get_contents($response->headers->get('X-Body-File')));
 626              }
 627          } else {
 628              return;
 629          }
 630  
 631          $response->headers->remove('X-Body-File');
 632      }
 633  
 634      protected function processResponseBody(Request $request, Response $response)
 635      {
 636          if (null !== $this->surrogate && $this->surrogate->needsParsing($response)) {
 637              $this->surrogate->process($request, $response);
 638          }
 639      }
 640  
 641      /**
 642       * Checks if the Request includes authorization or other sensitive information
 643       * that should cause the Response to be considered private by default.
 644       *
 645       * @return bool true if the Request is private, false otherwise
 646       */
 647      private function isPrivateRequest(Request $request)
 648      {
 649          foreach ($this->options['private_headers'] as $key) {
 650              $key = strtolower(str_replace('HTTP_', '', $key));
 651  
 652              if ('cookie' === $key) {
 653                  if (\count($request->cookies->all())) {
 654                      return true;
 655                  }
 656              } elseif ($request->headers->has($key)) {
 657                  return true;
 658              }
 659          }
 660  
 661          return false;
 662      }
 663  
 664      /**
 665       * Records that an event took place.
 666       *
 667       * @param Request $request A Request instance
 668       * @param string  $event   The event name
 669       */
 670      private function record(Request $request, $event)
 671      {
 672          $this->traces[$this->getTraceKey($request)][] = $event;
 673      }
 674  
 675      /**
 676       * Calculates the key we use in the "trace" array for a given request.
 677       *
 678       * @return string
 679       */
 680      private function getTraceKey(Request $request)
 681      {
 682          $path = $request->getPathInfo();
 683          if ($qs = $request->getQueryString()) {
 684              $path .= '?'.$qs;
 685          }
 686  
 687          return $request->getMethod().' '.$path;
 688      }
 689  
 690      /**
 691       * Checks whether the given (cached) response may be served as "stale" when a revalidation
 692       * is currently in progress.
 693       *
 694       * @return bool true when the stale response may be served, false otherwise
 695       */
 696      private function mayServeStaleWhileRevalidate(Response $entry)
 697      {
 698          $timeout = $entry->headers->getCacheControlDirective('stale-while-revalidate');
 699  
 700          if (null === $timeout) {
 701              $timeout = $this->options['stale_while_revalidate'];
 702          }
 703  
 704          return abs($entry->getTtl()) < $timeout;
 705      }
 706  
 707      /**
 708       * Waits for the store to release a locked entry.
 709       *
 710       * @param Request $request The request to wait for
 711       *
 712       * @return bool true if the lock was released before the internal timeout was hit; false if the wait timeout was exceeded
 713       */
 714      private function waitForLock(Request $request)
 715      {
 716          $wait = 0;
 717          while ($this->store->isLocked($request) && $wait < 100) {
 718              usleep(50000);
 719              ++$wait;
 720          }
 721  
 722          return $wait < 100;
 723      }
 724  }


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