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/vendor/guzzlehttp/psr7/src/ -> UriNormalizer.php (source)

   1  <?php
   2  
   3  namespace GuzzleHttp\Psr7;
   4  
   5  use Psr\Http\Message\UriInterface;
   6  
   7  /**
   8   * Provides methods to normalize and compare URIs.
   9   *
  10   * @author Tobias Schultze
  11   *
  12   * @link https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3986#section-6
  13   */
  14  final class UriNormalizer
  15  {
  16      /**
  17       * Default normalizations which only include the ones that preserve semantics.
  18       *
  19       * self::CAPITALIZE_PERCENT_ENCODING | self::DECODE_UNRESERVED_CHARACTERS | self::CONVERT_EMPTY_PATH |
  20       * self::REMOVE_DEFAULT_HOST | self::REMOVE_DEFAULT_PORT | self::REMOVE_DOT_SEGMENTS
  21       */
  22      const PRESERVING_NORMALIZATIONS = 63;
  23  
  24      /**
  25       * All letters within a percent-encoding triplet (e.g., "%3A") are case-insensitive, and should be capitalized.
  26       *
  27       * Example: http://example.org/a%c2%b1b → http://example.org/a%C2%B1b
  28       */
  29      const CAPITALIZE_PERCENT_ENCODING = 1;
  30  
  31      /**
  32       * Decodes percent-encoded octets of unreserved characters.
  33       *
  34       * For consistency, percent-encoded octets in the ranges of ALPHA (%41–%5A and %61–%7A), DIGIT (%30–%39),
  35       * hyphen (%2D), period (%2E), underscore (%5F), or tilde (%7E) should not be created by URI producers and,
  36       * when found in a URI, should be decoded to their corresponding unreserved characters by URI normalizers.
  37       *
  38       * Example: http://example.org/%7Eusern%61me/ → http://example.org/~username/
  39       */
  40      const DECODE_UNRESERVED_CHARACTERS = 2;
  41  
  42      /**
  43       * Converts the empty path to "/" for http and https URIs.
  44       *
  45       * Example: http://example.org → http://example.org/
  46       */
  47      const CONVERT_EMPTY_PATH = 4;
  48  
  49      /**
  50       * Removes the default host of the given URI scheme from the URI.
  51       *
  52       * Only the "file" scheme defines the default host "localhost".
  53       * All of `file:/myfile`, `file:///myfile`, and `file://localhost/myfile`
  54       * are equivalent according to RFC 3986. The first format is not accepted
  55       * by PHPs stream functions and thus already normalized implicitly to the
  56       * second format in the Uri class. See `GuzzleHttp\Psr7\Uri::composeComponents`.
  57       *
  58       * Example: file://localhost/myfile → file:///myfile
  59       */
  60      const REMOVE_DEFAULT_HOST = 8;
  61  
  62      /**
  63       * Removes the default port of the given URI scheme from the URI.
  64       *
  65       * Example: http://example.org:80/ → http://example.org/
  66       */
  67      const REMOVE_DEFAULT_PORT = 16;
  68  
  69      /**
  70       * Removes unnecessary dot-segments.
  71       *
  72       * Dot-segments in relative-path references are not removed as it would
  73       * change the semantics of the URI reference.
  74       *
  75       * Example: http://example.org/../a/b/../c/./d.html → http://example.org/a/c/d.html
  76       */
  77      const REMOVE_DOT_SEGMENTS = 32;
  78  
  79      /**
  80       * Paths which include two or more adjacent slashes are converted to one.
  81       *
  82       * Webservers usually ignore duplicate slashes and treat those URIs equivalent.
  83       * But in theory those URIs do not need to be equivalent. So this normalization
  84       * may change the semantics. Encoded slashes (%2F) are not removed.
  85       *
  86       * Example: http://example.org//foo///bar.html → http://example.org/foo/bar.html
  87       */
  88      const REMOVE_DUPLICATE_SLASHES = 64;
  89  
  90      /**
  91       * Sort query parameters with their values in alphabetical order.
  92       *
  93       * However, the order of parameters in a URI may be significant (this is not defined by the standard).
  94       * So this normalization is not safe and may change the semantics of the URI.
  95       *
  96       * Example: ?lang=en&article=fred → ?article=fred&lang=en
  97       *
  98       * Note: The sorting is neither locale nor Unicode aware (the URI query does not get decoded at all) as the
  99       * purpose is to be able to compare URIs in a reproducible way, not to have the params sorted perfectly.
 100       */
 101      const SORT_QUERY_PARAMETERS = 128;
 102  
 103      /**
 104       * Returns a normalized URI.
 105       *
 106       * The scheme and host component are already normalized to lowercase per PSR-7 UriInterface.
 107       * This methods adds additional normalizations that can be configured with the $flags parameter.
 108       *
 109       * PSR-7 UriInterface cannot distinguish between an empty component and a missing component as
 110       * getQuery(), getFragment() etc. always return a string. This means the URIs "/?#" and "/" are
 111       * treated equivalent which is not necessarily true according to RFC 3986. But that difference
 112       * is highly uncommon in reality. So this potential normalization is implied in PSR-7 as well.
 113       *
 114       * @param UriInterface $uri   The URI to normalize
 115       * @param int          $flags A bitmask of normalizations to apply, see constants
 116       *
 117       * @return UriInterface The normalized URI
 118       * @link https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3986#section-6.2
 119       */
 120      public static function normalize(UriInterface $uri, $flags = self::PRESERVING_NORMALIZATIONS)
 121      {
 122          if ($flags & self::CAPITALIZE_PERCENT_ENCODING) {
 123              $uri = self::capitalizePercentEncoding($uri);
 124          }
 125  
 126          if ($flags & self::DECODE_UNRESERVED_CHARACTERS) {
 127              $uri = self::decodeUnreservedCharacters($uri);
 128          }
 129  
 130          if ($flags & self::CONVERT_EMPTY_PATH && $uri->getPath() === '' &&
 131              ($uri->getScheme() === 'http' || $uri->getScheme() === 'https')
 132          ) {
 133              $uri = $uri->withPath('/');
 134          }
 135  
 136          if ($flags & self::REMOVE_DEFAULT_HOST && $uri->getScheme() === 'file' && $uri->getHost() === 'localhost') {
 137              $uri = $uri->withHost('');
 138          }
 139  
 140          if ($flags & self::REMOVE_DEFAULT_PORT && $uri->getPort() !== null && Uri::isDefaultPort($uri)) {
 141              $uri = $uri->withPort(null);
 142          }
 143  
 144          if ($flags & self::REMOVE_DOT_SEGMENTS && !Uri::isRelativePathReference($uri)) {
 145              $uri = $uri->withPath(UriResolver::removeDotSegments($uri->getPath()));
 146          }
 147  
 148          if ($flags & self::REMOVE_DUPLICATE_SLASHES) {
 149              $uri = $uri->withPath(preg_replace('#//++#', '/', $uri->getPath()));
 150          }
 151  
 152          if ($flags & self::SORT_QUERY_PARAMETERS && $uri->getQuery() !== '') {
 153              $queryKeyValues = explode('&', $uri->getQuery());
 154              sort($queryKeyValues);
 155              $uri = $uri->withQuery(implode('&', $queryKeyValues));
 156          }
 157  
 158          return $uri;
 159      }
 160  
 161      /**
 162       * Whether two URIs can be considered equivalent.
 163       *
 164       * Both URIs are normalized automatically before comparison with the given $normalizations bitmask. The method also
 165       * accepts relative URI references and returns true when they are equivalent. This of course assumes they will be
 166       * resolved against the same base URI. If this is not the case, determination of equivalence or difference of
 167       * relative references does not mean anything.
 168       *
 169       * @param UriInterface $uri1           An URI to compare
 170       * @param UriInterface $uri2           An URI to compare
 171       * @param int          $normalizations A bitmask of normalizations to apply, see constants
 172       *
 173       * @return bool
 174       * @link https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3986#section-6.1
 175       */
 176      public static function isEquivalent(UriInterface $uri1, UriInterface $uri2, $normalizations = self::PRESERVING_NORMALIZATIONS)
 177      {
 178          return (string) self::normalize($uri1, $normalizations) === (string) self::normalize($uri2, $normalizations);
 179      }
 180  
 181      private static function capitalizePercentEncoding(UriInterface $uri)
 182      {
 183          $regex = '/(?:%[A-Fa-f0-9]{2})++/';
 184  
 185          $callback = function (array $match) {
 186              return strtoupper($match[0]);
 187          };
 188  
 189          return
 190              $uri->withPath(
 191                  preg_replace_callback($regex, $callback, $uri->getPath())
 192              )->withQuery(
 193                  preg_replace_callback($regex, $callback, $uri->getQuery())
 194              );
 195      }
 196  
 197      private static function decodeUnreservedCharacters(UriInterface $uri)
 198      {
 199          $regex = '/%(?:2D|2E|5F|7E|3[0-9]|[46][1-9A-F]|[57][0-9A])/i';
 200  
 201          $callback = function (array $match) {
 202              return rawurldecode($match[0]);
 203          };
 204  
 205          return
 206              $uri->withPath(
 207                  preg_replace_callback($regex, $callback, $uri->getPath())
 208              )->withQuery(
 209                  preg_replace_callback($regex, $callback, $uri->getQuery())
 210              );
 211      }
 212  
 213      private function __construct()
 214      {
 215          // cannot be instantiated
 216      }
 217  }


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